If researchers are to meet society’s expectations, their training and mentoring must escape the nineteenth century
Graduation day for PhD scholars at the University of Bologna, Italy. Doctoral assessment in most countries is largely unchanged since the nineteenth century
How to calculate the sheeps ?
The traditional apprenticeship model for PhD education involves supervisors mentoring students through a substantive research project and ultimately into academia
Although about half of PhD graduates enter careers beyond academia, this apprenticeship model, with a narrow focus on thesis research has continued to dominate in many countries
Which one is important at doctoral level between the thesis pages and the contents?
You can compare it for your understanding ?